Dynamic EEE Coalescing: Techniques and Bounds


Frame coalescing is one of the most efficient techniques to manage the low power idle (LPI) mode supported by Energy Efficient Ethernet (EEE) interfaces. This technique enables EEE interfaces to remain in the LPI mode for a certain amount of time upon the arrival of the first frame (time-based coalescing) or until a predefined amount of traffic accumulates in the transmission buffer (size-based coalescing). This paper provides new insights on the practical efficiency limits of both coalescing techniques. In particular, we derive the fundamental limits on the maximum energy savings considering a target average frame delay. Additionally, we present new open-loop adaptive variants of both time-based and size-based coalescing techniques. These proposals dynamically adjust the length of the sleeping periods in accordance with actual traffic conditions to reduce energy consumption while keeping the average delay near a predefined value simultaneously. Analytical and simulation results show that the energy consumption of both proposals is comparable to the fundamental limits. Consequently, we recommend the usage of the time-based algorithm in most scenarios because of its simplicity as well as its ability to bound the maximum frame delay at the same time.

IEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking, vol.3, no. 1, pp. 205-214